A society is a group of people involved with each other through persistent relations, or a large social grouping which voluntarily joins together.The Society Registration Act, 1860 regulates and administers the societies. A society is the Non Governmental Organization in India which can be registered on state level or national level for educational, charitable, religious, welfare or for promotion of art, music, culture and many more. In a society at least seven people is required and such person adopt a memorandum of association and bylaws for the functioning of the society. There are two types of society, one is for National level, and another one is State Level of society. Minimum of seven people must come together with a common purpose of being formed into society. However in the case of national level society, the members must represent seven different states. The process of registering NGO as society differs from state to state.
The Military Orphan Funds or Societies established at the several presidencies of India
Societies established for the promotion of science, literature, or the fine arts, for instruction, the diffusion of useful knowledge, (the diffusion of Political education),
The formation or maintenance of libraries or reading-rooms for general use among the members and the public,
The formation or maintenance of public museums , painting gallaries and other works of arts, collection of natural history, mechanical and philosophical inventions, instruments or designs.
1. Memorandum of Association(MOA):
Major Contents are Name of the Society, Working Area, Address of Registered Office, Aims and Object of the Society, Name address, occupation of the Governing body members, desirous persons
2. Rules & Regulation:
Major contents are Name of the Association, Admissions of members, Subscription, Cessation of Membership, Rights and privilege of members, Powers and functions of General Body members, Meetings, Election, Power and duties of Office bearers, Quorum of meeting etc
4. These documents needs to be certified by at least three members of the governing body and should be filled along with the MOA:
1. Proof of Identity & Address of Governing Body Members
2. Address of the registered office and Consent
3. NOC of the owner of the address of Registered Office Premises
4. A fee of Rupees fifty is required to be paid
- A Society / Association is an organized group of people with the sole aim and objectives of non-profitable service.
Registration of Societies is optional. Registration of such an association will have legal recognition. It will be possible to run society legally with discipline. Society can sue and be used.
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- What is the minimum number of people to form a society or an Association?
A minimum 7 persons who have attained the age of 18 years can form a society or an Association.
- For what purpose a society/association be formed?
Association could be formed for the following purposes: Art, Fine Arts, crafts; Educational, charity, cultural, literature and religious; Sports (excluding games of chance); Knowledge of commerce and industry;
- What should not be there in the name of the society?
A trust can open a school but the purpose of opening a school should not be profits motive but must be for the overall welfare and development of the society . School must be opened by welfare of a community , needy and poor children who cannot get basic education trust cannot open school in Bihar and company U/s 25 cannot open a school.
- What is the eligibility to form a society?
Income of an organisation is exempted if a NGO has 12A registration. All income shall not be taxable after 12A registration. This is one time registration. 80G: If an organisition has obtained certification under 80G then donors of that NGO can claim exemption from Income Tax. This is not one time registration and this needs to get renewed after validity period 12A AND 80G benefits available to a trust. Trust deed, Registration certificate, Trust Pan Card, ID Proof, Books of accounts e.t.c are required for registration U/S 12A and 80G to avail the benefit.
BENEFITS: Using 80G the trust can raise local fund
Registration Certificate of Trust/ Society 80G registration means donors can claim exemption. Valid Postal Address along with address proof(like electricitybill, warebill etc) and NOC from land lord. Evidence of welfare activities carried out. Books of accounts and ITR since inception
- What are the rights of a member of the society?
Yes a trust can enroll members. For enrollment of a member trust has to comply with a enrollment process. Enrollment Process for the first party or a third party is similar but extra steps may be needed if a beneficiary is funding his or her own trust and is not financially capable.
*Gather supporting documents
*complete the joinder agreement
*submit check with documents
*GPolitical education and training;
*Collection/preservation of historical monuments, technical and philosophical research.
*Promotion of scientific temper in the society etc.
*Diffusion of any knowledge or any public purpose.